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Josephus, Judaism and Christianity

By 2 authors Louis H. Feldman Gohei Hata / Wayne State University Press / 1987


Print: $88.00


Titus Flavius Josephus, as a writer and historical figure, sits at the intersection of history. After being captured by Roman forces led by Vespasian, Josephus claimed that the Jewish Messianic prophecies pointed to Vespasian as the future Emperor of Rome. Two years later, Vespasian did become Emperor, and he granted Josephus his freedom. Josephus took on Vespasian’s family name—Flavius—and became a Roman citizen. As a historian, Josephus provided invaluable records of the Jewish War, addressed to the Jews living in Mesopotamia.

Throughout Christian history, the Works of Josephus have been indispensable in helping us reconstruct the history and the world of the New Testament. He writes from a unique position situated among these events: the beginning of Christianity, the evolution of Second Temple Judaism into Rabbinic Judaism with the destruction of the Temple, and the meeting of East and West as the Romans crush the Jewish revolts of 60s and 70s AD. With Josephus’ unique position in mind, Louis H. Feldman and Gohei Hata compile essays from world-class scholars on Josephus and his relationship to Judaism and Christianity.

Articles include:

  • "Josephus and the Roman Empire as Reflected in The Jewish War," by Menahem Stern
  • "Josephus and Justus of Tiberias," by Tessa Rajak
  • "Josephus and Masada," by David J. Ladouceur
  • "Philo and Josephus as Historians of the Same Events," by E. Mary Smallwood
  • "Hellenizations in Josephus' Jewish Antiquities: The Portrait of Abraham," by Louis H. Feldman
  • "Josephus' Portrayal of the Matriarchs," by James L. Bailey
  • "The Story of Moses Interpreted within the context of Anti-Semitism," by Gohei Hata
  • "Antiquities IV, 277 and 2788, Compared with the Early Rabbinic Law," by David M. Goldenberg
  • "Miracles in the Writings of Flavius Josephus," by Otto Betz
  • "The Occult in Josephus," by Morton Smith
  • "The Samaritans in Josephus," by R. J. Coggins
  • "Josephus' Pharisees: A Complete Repertoire," by Jacob Neusner
  • "The Conversion of the Royal House of Adiabene in Josephus and Rabbinic Sources," by Lawrence H. Schiffman
  • "The Works of Josephus and the Early Christian Church," by Heinz Schreckenberg
  • "Origen and Josephus," by Wataru Mizugaki
  • "The Testimonium Flavianum and the Martyrdom of James," by Zvi Baras
  • "Josephus and Pseudo-Hegesippus," by Albert A. Bell, Jr.
  • "Josephus in Byzantium," by Steven Bowman
  • "Josippon, a Medieval Hebrew Version of Josephus," by David Flusser
  • "The Illustrations of Josephus' Manuscripts," by Guy N. Deutsch
  • "Martin Luther and Flavius Josephus," by Betsy Halpern Amaru

Product Details

  • Title: Josephus, Judaism and Christianity
  • Editors: L. H. Feldman and G. Hata
  • Series: Brill Josephus and the Bible Collection
  • Publisher: Brill Academic
  • Publication Date: 1989
  • Pages: 473

About the Authors

Louis H. Feldman earned his PhD in classical philology from Harvard University. He is professor of classics at Yeshiva University. He has written Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World and Studies in Hellenistic Judaism.

Gohei Hata earned his PhD in Jewish studies from Dropsie University for Hebrew and Cognate Learning. He is a professor at Tama Art University in Japan. He is a member of the Society of Biblical Literature and has written numerous books and articles related to Josephus, the Old Testament, and Ancient Judaism.